In CICS, you can access data from either files or DB2. Once you define the files to CICS, the CICS command codes that you will give in COBOL help you fetch Records.
I found some interview questions here. How to browse a record from a file that can be either KSDS/ESDS/RRDS. If you are able to answer this kind of questions then your chances are more to select. A project like HSBC/General Motors/Allstate etc they use a lot of CICS programs.
Note: CICS does not support LDS files.
START Browse EXEC CICS Macro
XX00-START-CUSTOMER-BROWSE. * EXEC CICS STARTBR FILE('SRINIMF') RIDFLD(CM-CUSTOMER-NUMBER) EQUAL RESP(RESPONSE-CODE) END-EXEC. EVALUATE RESPONSE-CODE WHEN DFHRESP(NORMAL) MOVE 'Y' TO CUSTOMER-FOUND-SW WHEN DFHRESP(NOTFND) MOVE 'N' TO CUSTOMER-FOUND-SW WHEN OTHER PERFORM 9999-TERMINATE-PROGRAM END-EVALUATE.
The above example says that how to handle the files. Once it matches the key value, it sends the proper value to the program variable. Else, it terminates the program.
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Start Browse Advanced Options
EXEC CICS STARTBR FILE(filename) RIDFLD(data-name) [RRN | RBA] [GTEQ | EQUAL] [GENERIC] [KEYLENGTH(data-name | literal)] END-EXEC
In the above example, I have explained how to use KSDS/ESDS file and with advances options.
After the STARTBR, the other options are READNEXT and READPREV. So each command maximum length is ‘8’ bytes and not more than that.